1.1 Basis of preparation
Market consistent embedded value (MCEV) is a measure of the consolidated value of shareholders’ interests in the in-force covered business of the Swiss Life Group. Covered business includes life, health and pension business of the company. The Group MCEV is a measure of the consolidated value of shareholders’ interest in the covered and non-covered business in force of the company. Business in force includes business written as at 31 December 2015; future new business is not included. The notion of market consistent embedded value (MCEV) will alternatively refer within the course of this report to the MCEV of Swiss Life’s covered business, of one of its market units, or to Swiss Life’s Group MCEV.
Swiss Life’s market consistent embedded value reporting follows the European Insurance CFO Forum Market Consistent Embedded Value Principles©1. The cost of credit risk relating to bonds is calculated and disclosed in addition to the Principles’ mandatory requirements. Further details on the MCEV methodology and assumptions are given in sections 4 and 5.
PricewaterhouseCoopers have audited this market consistent embedded value report. Their opinion is part of this report (section 6).
1.2 Covered business and non-covered business
Covered business includes all of Swiss Life’s life, health and pension business as well as assumed external reinsurance, with the exception of Swiss Life Insurance Solutions S.A., which is not material for MCEV purposes. MCEV (and Group MCEV) are net of ceded external reinsurance. Included are namely insurance operations in Switzerland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein and Singapore. All other businesses such as investment management and Swiss Life Select are generally included in the non-covered business at their IFRS net asset values, with the exception of France, where they are included in the covered business.
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Swiss Life’s Group MCEV consists of the MCEV for covered business and the IFRS net asset value for non-covered business.
According to MCEV Principle 3, the MCEV represents the present value of shareholders’ interests in the earnings distributable from assets allocated to the covered business after allowance for the aggregate risks in the covered business. It is calculated on a post-tax basis taking into account current legislation and known future changes.
The MCEV for covered business consists of the net asset value (NAV), i.e. the value of assets not backing liabilities, and the value of in-force business (VIF), i.e. the value of future profits emerging from operations and assets backing liabilities.
The net asset value is split between:
- the required capital (RC): the amount of capital provided by shareholders deemed necessary to run the business under the chosen definition (see section 4.1)
- the free surplus (FS): additional capital allocated to the covered business above the required capital
The value of in-force covered business is defined as the sum of:
- the certainty equivalent value of future profits (CEV)
- the time value of financial options and guarantees (TVOG), including the cost of credit risks
- the cost of residual non-hedgeable risks (CNHR)
- the frictional costs of required capital (FC)
The IFRS net asset value (IFRS NAV) is defined as the unadjusted IFRS net asset value allocated to the non-covered business.
For details about the MCEV components, see section 4 on methodology. Please note that the notion of certainty equivalent value is equivalent to the notion of present value of future profits in the CFO Forum Principles.